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Text Box: The Largest Coastal Redwood Trees

          The currently known twenty-four (24) largest coastal redwoods, 
     by total wood volume in the main trunk and appendages, combined:        
Rank    Tree Name         Location     Volume          Height     Diameter (dbh)      
					 (cu-m)  (cu-ft)      (m)      (ft)        (m)        (ft)

       *  ‘Iluvatar’ was featured in the October 2009 issue of 
Text Box: Ed Gilbert, aka ‘Redwood-Ed’, is a forest naturalist, advocate and experienced hike leader. Ed has vast experience exploring the 450-mile redwood belt from the ‘Big Sur’, in central California, to the ‘Chetco River Basin’, in southern Oregon’s ‘Siskiyou National Forest’. Ed’s thousands of hours of hike leading and exploring in the redwoods have been devoted to the study and interpretation of the forest’s ecology and history, both natural and man-made. He has organized and led hikes for more than three hundred groups, including tourist, corporate, environmental, senior, youth, avid hikers and state parks staff. He has trained redwood forest hike leaders and interpreters, has served more than 24 years as a California State Parks’ volunteer, has first-hand knowledge of past logging and lumbering practices, and has studied forest ecology, plant identification and nature interpretation. Ed, a recipient of the Santa Cruz County ‘Be the Difference Award’ and the ‘California Poppy Award’, for exemplary volunteer service to California State Parks, is the former owner, president and CEO of ‘DSC Diamond-Bilt’. He has a ‘BS-Engineering’ degree from Oregon State University, and he is a registered ‘Professional Engineer’. Ed’s past and present endeavors and  affiliations include: 

Text Box: Informational Notes

With the exception of the 15th, 16th & 30th largest, and the 15th tallest, the exact location of the largest & tallest coastal redwood trees are kept secret to protect the trees from ground compaction, and incidental & flagrant damage to the shallow roots and the trunks, which could impair & shorten their lives.
The ‘Diameter (dbh)’ represents the ‘average diameter of a tree’ when  measured at ‘breast height’ or ‘4.5 feet above average ground level’.

Some information on this web-site was derived from postings by others. All  of the ‘color’ photographs are ‘Ed Gilbert’ originals, unless otherwise noted.

World’s tallest: ‘Hyperion’

A fire-hollowed, redwood giant, with a ‘Goose-Pen’ cavern, used historically, with a gate, to house geese or chicken

Text Box: ►


Text Box: The Coastal Redwoods . . . The ‘Red-Gold’ Living Legends

In the most favorable parts of their range, California’s magnificent coastal redwoods can grow to more than 380 feet high (about as tall as a 38-story building) and with trunks up to 30 feet in diameter at breast-height, and they can live for more than 2,500 years. However, ancient coastal redwoods are rare - less than 5 percent of the original forest remains today. These ancient forests contain the highest standing biomass (total of all aboveground organic matter) of any forest on Earth and, therefore, store incredible amounts of carbon.

The coastal redwood is one of the world’s fastest growing conifers. In contrast to the tree’s size, redwood cones are very small - only about an inch long. Each cone contains 14 to 24 tiny seeds: It would take well over 100,000 seeds to weigh a pound! In good conditions, redwood seedlings grow rapidly, sometimes more than a foot annually. Young trees also sprout from their parent's roots, taking advantage of the energy and nutrient reserves contained within the established, shallow root system.
In recent years, scientists have discovered that life abounds in the canopy and on the forest floor. Canopy research supported by the ‘Save the Redwoods League’ has revealed many species that live their entire lives in the redwood canopy, including worms, salamanders and plants such as Sitka spruce, ferns and huckleberry.
Frequent, naturally occurring fires play an important role in keeping the coastal redwood ecosystems healthy because they rid the forest floor of combustible materials. In contrast, decades of fire suppression practices usually result in the accumulation of dead plant material that may fuel intense, destructive fires.

Coastal redwoods grow naturally only in a narrow 450-mile strip along the coast from central California to southern Oregon. In this ‘redwood belt’, temperatures are moderate year-round. Heavy winter rains and dense summer fog provide the trees with much-needed water during the otherwise drought-prone summers. In fact, redwoods create their own ‘rain’ by capturing the fog on their lofty branches, contributing moisture to the forest in the driest time of year.
While these climate and terrain conditions foster the growth of the redwoods, other factors come into play to enhance their chance for long term survival and immense growth. First off, their very spongy and up to one-foot thick bark gives them the capacity to absorb and hold a large amount of water. This, combined with the lack of flammable resins in their makeup, makes them very fire-resistant. Secondly, the tannic acid in their genetic makeup, which acts as a natural insecticide and fungicide, protects them from attack by pests and disease. You will never see moss or fungus growing on a healthy redwood tree. Thirdly, their very shallow root-structure extends outward, radially, for a long distance from the tree base. Those extended roots attach to the roots of the other redwoods in the grove and provide them all with the stability to resist falling during periods of high wind and ground saturation from heavy rainfall.  And finally, if they do become stressed from fire damage, or felling from wind or logging operations, they will most often, by their genetic nature, repair their damage or grow multiple new vertical trunks, with like DNA, surrounding the damaged trunk or stump. This new growth sprouts from ‘burls’ in the surviving root system and is commonly referred to as a ‘fairy ring’.   
All of the above factors, when combined, provide this small part of the world with a natural specie of nature that, despite climate change, catastrophic events and the ‘hands-of-man’, has been able to survive around the world, in various related forms, for more than 200 million years.
The native people of California usually did not cut down coastal redwoods, but used fallen trees to make planks for houses and hollowed-out logs for canoes. When gold was discovered in 1849, hundreds of thousands of people came to California in need of food and housing, and redwoods were logged extensively to satisfy their needs. By the 1960s, only a small fraction remained of the original 2 million acres of ancient coastal redwood forest. The largest surviving stands of ancient coastal redwoods are in Redwood National Park and Jedediah Smith, Prairie Creek, Humboldt and Big Basin Redwoods State Parks. Many others are protected in numerous other city, county and state parks and forest reserves.
Text Box: Redwoods - the Super Trees  #2
Text Box: Richard Preston
The Giant Trees
Text Box: Redwoods - the Super Trees  #1
Text Box: The Tallest Coastal Redwood Trees  

               The currently known twelve (12) tallest coastal redwoods:    
  Rank       Tree Name        Location              Height             Diameter (dbh)      
					              (m)              (ft)            (m)            (ft) 
     1       Hyperion                      RNP           115.92        380.31        4.84          15.2
     2       Helios                           RNP           114.95        377.01        4.88          16.0
     3       Stratosphere Giant     HRSP         113.84        373.49        5.18          17.0 
     4       Nugget                         RNP           113.52        372.44        4.39          14.4
     5       Paradox                       HRSP         113.32        371.78        3.90          12.8
     6       Icarus                           RNP           113.14        371.19        3.78          12.4
     7       Lauralyn                      HRSP         113.03        370.83        4.54          14.9
     8       Orion      		    RNP           112.88         370.34        4.18          13.7
     9       Millennium                  HRSP         112.85        370.24        2.71            8.9
    10      Minaret                        HRSP         112.47        369.00        3.26          10.7  
    11      Mendocino                  MWSR        112.28        368.40        3.08          10.1
    12      Mother & Daughter    HRSP          112.01        367.50        3.38          11.8
Text Box: Wikipedia: the  Coast Redwoods
Text Box: Redwood Hikes
Text Box: Redwood Nat’l and State Parks
Text Box: CA Redwood State Parks
Text Box: Redwoods & ClimateChange
Text Box: A Guide for Teachers/Learners
Text Box: Tallest Tree Found in RNP #1
Text Box: Tallest Tree Found in RNP #2
Text Box: Largest Coast Redwoods
Text Box: Tallest Coast Redwoods
Text Box: Redwood Finder
Text Box: Doing Canopy Science
Text Box: Text Box: Measuring Redwood Giants
Text Box:  Gilbert Redwood Excursions (Owner & Chief Hike Leader)
 The Advocates for The Forest of Nisene Marks (Vice-President & Director)
 The California Department of Parks and Recreation (24-year Volunteer)
 The California State Parks Foundation (Member)
 The Mountain Parks Foundation (Member)
 The Nature Conservancy (Member)
 The Save-the-Redwoods League (Member - Redwood Circle & Legacy Circle)
 The Sempervirens Fund (Member)
 The Sierra Club (Ventana Chapter Wilderness Hike Leader)
 The Yosemite Conservancy (Member)
North Sector ViewsCentral Sector ViewsSouth Sector ViewsHistorical Forest Views

A fire-hollowed, redwood giant, with a ‘Goose-Pen’ cavern, used historically, with a gate, to house geese or chicken

Text Box: ◄


Text Box: Wild Animals!
Just ask a Ranger
Text Box: Richard Preston
‘The Giant Trees’
Text Box: Albino Redwoods  ‘The Ghost Trees’
Text Box: Wikipedia: the  ‘Coast Redwoods’
Text Box: Redwood Hikes
Text Box: Redwood Nat’l and State Parks
Text Box: CA Redwood State Parks
Text Box: Redwoods & Climate Change
Text Box: A Guide for Teachers/Learners
Text Box: Tallest Tree Found in RNP #1
Text Box: Tallest Tree Found in RNP #2
Text Box: ‘A Day of       Discovery’
Text Box: A Giant Legacy:
‘Redwood Parks’
Text Box: Kids!  ‘Discover the Forest’
Text Box: Forest Facts
Text Box: Text Box: Redwoods Information
North Sector ViewsCentral Sector ViewsSouth Sector ViewsHistorical Forest Views

 Enter your Name, your E-Mail address and your Message below:


 Ed appreciates your interest in California’s Coastal Redwoods. If you

need additional information, please ask your questions here

 Enter your Name, your E-Mail address and your Message below:


 Ed appreciates your interest in California’s Coastal Redwoods. If you

need additional information, please ask your questions here

Text Box: To return to the
 top of this page
Text Box:     1   Grogan’s Fault
    2   Melkor
   3 * Iluvatar
   4   Del Norte Titan
   5   Lost Monarch
   6   El Viejo Del Norte
   7   Howland Hill Giant
   8   Sir Isaac Newton
   9   Terex Titan
 10   Adventure Tree
 11   Bull Creek Giant
 12   Arco Giant
 13   Drury Tree 
 14   Westridge Giant
 15   Big Tree
 16   Giant Tree
 17   Brown Creek Tree
 18   Elk Tree
 19   Fanghorn Tree
 20   Atlas Tree
 21   Foothill Tree
 22   Redwood Creek Giant
 23   Godwood Creek Giant
 24   Sacagawea
Text Box: —— Undisclosed ——     93.0     305      7.89      25.9
RNP        1109   39,100   106.3     349      6.82      22.4   
PCRSP   1064   37,500     91.4     300      6.25      20.5
JSRSP    1055   37,200     93.6     306      7.22      23.7
JSRSP    1206   36,500     97.8     321      7.19      23.6
JSRSP    1002   35,400     98.7     324      7.04      23.1
JSRSP      953   33,580   100.6     330      6.02      19.2
PCRSP     942   33,192     91.1     299      6.85      22.5
PCRSP     919   32,384     82.3     270      6.49      21.3
PCRSP     912   32,140   101.8     334      4.95      16.5
HRSP        882   31,144   102.7     339      6.79      19.4
RNP          871   30,699     79.8     267      6.85      22.7
PCRSP     845   29,744     83.8     275      5.85      19.2
PCRSP     839   29,541     74.4     245      7.01      24.4
PCRSP     812   28,619     87.2     286      6.58      21.6
HRSP       789    27,800  108.2     355      4.95      16.5 
PCRSP     781   27,515     77.2     245      6.41      20.7
PCRSP     793   27,944     94.7     300      5.88      19.0
JSRSP      766   27,000     75.6     248      6.40      21.0
PCRSP     764   26,938     87.8     295      6.40      21.0
PCRSP     752   26,500     91.7     301      5.81      19.0
RNP          742   26,193   110.4     362      5.21      17.1
PCRSP     726   25,636   107.9     353      7.47      25.0
JSRSP      698   24,649    97.8      321      6.92      22.7
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Text Box: Informational
  Web Links . . 
Text Box: Live feed during daylight hours
Text Box: Smith River
Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park
Text Box: Redwood Vistas
Text Box: If trees gave off ‘Wifi’ signals, we would plant so many trees that we’d be helping save future life on this planet. Unfortunately, redwood trees only produce the  oxygen that we breathe. There’s seldom a  ‘Wifi’ signal in our coastal redwood forests, but those trees promise you, you won’t find a better ‘connection’ anywhere!
Text Box: Text Box: The Largest & Tallest Redwood Tree Locations

  HRSP    -   Humboldt Redwoods State Park, Humboldt County, CA     
  JSRSP  -   Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park, Del Norte County, CA
  MWSR  -   Montgomery Woods State Reserve, Mendocino County, CA 
  PCRSP -   Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, Humboldt County, CA
  RNP      -   Redwood National Park, Humboldt County, CA
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If you locate & take  pictures of what you think might be a
remote & previously undocumented ‘Landmark Redwood Tree’,  CLICK HERE